Colloquialism: 1) more short sentences and less or no longer long sentences. ¢Ú Use less dialects and local languages, and try not to use simplified words or abbreviations that the masses are not familiar with. ¢Û Use less written words, classical Chinese words and monosyllabic words. Change monosyllabic words into disyllabic words; Changing written language into oral language; Classical Chinese words are changed into vernacular; Words with the same pronunciation but different words should be changed. ¢Ü It is not suitable to use parentheses, dashes and ellipsis because the contents are not easy to read; The quotation marks used to indicate the negative meaning should not be used as much as possible, and "so-called" should be used instead.
Listen to me
Lao She, a great master of literature, once said, "beautiful words in writing are not necessarily beautiful in words." Lao Li, talk about it. Don't be too long '! Maybe it's better to say, 'Lao Li, tell me something simple'! The latter is ready-made, easy to say and easy to understand¡° The language of broadcasting manuscript should be colloquial. Oral English requires writing "words", not writing "articles". This "word" is not equal to what is said in daily life. What is said in daily life is mainly to express the meaning, with only layers and no emphasis on structure and grammar; The "words" required by colloquialism should not only express the meaning, but also have levels, and need more strict structure and more complete grammar. But the "words" are different from the language of written articles. It requires short sentences, simple grammatical structure and more refined words. It is a kind of "words" between daily oral language and written language.
When Ye Shengtao, an educator, read the language of the radio manuscript, he said, "a good speech is a manuscript with clear and smooth meaning. People don't have to spend unnecessary efforts to understand it, and there will be no misunderstanding." He asked to finish the manuscript "I read it carefully, that is, I will check it by myself. The language I wrote down is not fluent and smooth If you don't speak well and listen to your ear, it must be that the language is wrong and you have to modify it What kind of changes will it take? To their own satisfaction, that the mouth so far¡° Therefore, a good broadcast manuscript is mainly judged by mouth reading and listening. Radio manuscripts should also be smooth. In the past, they used to write radio manuscripts as educators and regarded the audience as students, which was easy to teach people. A farmer in Jiangsu once bought a radio. After listening to it for a period of time, he said angrily, "I paid for my father and came back!" It means that the radio, like a father, treats the audience like a son. It can be seen from this that in order to be successful in broadcasting manuscripts, we should respect the audience and treat people equally. We should not preach in a condescending manner. We should infiltrate ideological education into the reports of facts. The broadcasting language should be friendly and pleasant to listen to. It should use the tone of heart to heart talk, the tone of discussion, and the imperative tone such as "must" and "should" should be less used£¨ (excerpt from "five essentials of language for radio manuscript" No.7, 1995)
The structure is simple
Due to the limitation of time, we should pay more attention to the crispness and neatness of the broadcast manuscript.
¢Ù Highlight the main body of the sentence without abusing unnecessary additional elements.
¢Ú Use accurate words to express the meaning of what you want to say. Don't say empty words or routine words.
¢Û No inversion, no flashback or interlude. Generally speaking, the narration of radio manuscripts follows the development sequence of things, because it is in accordance with people's thinking and habits.
The content is vivid
¢Ù Use a variety of writing methods to avoid monotony.
¢Ú The sentence pattern is rich in variety. The use of such sentence patterns as question setting, parallelism and antithesis makes the article elegant; Appropriate choice of active sentence, passive sentence, affirmative sentence, negative sentence and other sentence patterns to make the article infectious.
¢Û Concrete examples attract more attention than abstract arguments.
The beginning should attract the audience, the main body should design suspense, and the end should be unconventional.
In broadcasting manuscripts, we should avoid the continuous occurrence of tonal characters. The tones should be interlaced with each other and matched properly. When read, they will be rhythmic and pleasant to the ear.