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The common examination points and answering modes of ancient poems of middle school students

Time: 16:10:56, June 22, 2017 Teaching plan I want to contribute

The common examination points and answering modes of ancient poems of middle school students

The appreciation of ancient poetry is a question type that can be easily improved through the final surprise. Therefore, the author specially arranges the examination questions of ancient poetry appreciation in recent years, and finds that the examination points are no more than five kinds of specific image (image) interpretation, poetry artistic conception appreciation, emotion theme refining, expression skill analysis and language and text deliberation. After analysis, it is found that each point has a corresponding answer mode that can be inserted.

 The common examination points and answering modes of ancient poems of middle school students

1¡¢ Specific image interpretation

The so-called image in ancient poetry refers to the vivid and concrete images created by the author, which can not only fully repose the author's subjective feelings, but also stimulate people's thoughts and feelings. It includes the image of characters in Poetry (the author's own image and the image created by the work), the image of things (the image described in chanting things, such as "lime" in "lime chant" and "cicada" in cicada). To understand the specific image of ancient poetry, we should grasp its connotation, that is to analyze and judge the author's thoughts, feelings, views and attitudes contained in the image.

[question setting method]

There are two ways to ask questions of this type. One is to point out the object of appreciation, such as "what is the moral of XX?"¡° The image of XX in the poem expresses the author's thoughts and feelings, and "what do you think the implication of XX's image in the author's mind" and so on; The other is that the objects of appreciation are not specified, such as "what kind of images the poet uses to express his feelings", "what kind of picture is described in the poem, and what is the benefit of such writing".

[universal formula]

Specific image interpretation = pointing out the image + explaining the specific characteristics of the image + revealing the image connotation

(Note: "point out the object of appreciation", omit the first item.)

[Formula explanation]

There are three main points to answer this type of questions

1. Read poetry and find out the relevant image of poetry according to the scope of the topic.

2. Combining with the content of the poem, make a further description or explanation of the characteristics or specific details of this image to make it more detailed.

3. Reveal the connotation of the image, that is, to understand the feelings expressed by the author through the image, the ambition expressed, the truth explained, etc., or the symbolic meaning, social connotation and Era Connotation of the image.

[example analysis of formula application]

2¡¢ Appreciation of poetic artistic conception

Artistic conception is the artistic realm created by the harmony and unity of the natural scenery, life picture and expressed thoughts and feelings. When asked about "artistic conception", poetry must be one with both "scenery" and "emotion".

[question setting method]

The common ways of asking questions are: "what kind of artistic conception does this poem create?"¡° What kind of picture does this poem depict? What kind of thoughts and feelings does the poet express¡° What kind of scenery does this poem describe? What kind of feelings does the poet express? " wait.

[universal formula]

Appreciation of poetic artistic conception = what kind of objective image picture is depicted + the characteristics of the picture + what kind of feelings the author blends in it

[Formula explanation]

If artistic conception is "face", then image (image) is "point". A large "face" is composed of small "points". The author's selection and description of image (image) is the expression of his subjective emotion. Image plays an important role in the formation of artistic conception. Therefore, to appreciate the artistic conception, we should combine the imagery in poetry with reasonable imagination, and fully describe the "scenery" of artistic conception. There are three points to solve such questions

1. Combine the image in the poem, unfold the appropriate imagination, and describe the picture in the poem.

2. Make a brief summary of this picture. The common writing methods are as follows: natural and fresh, vigorous, quiet, magnificent, magnificent, majestic, majestic (majestic), lonely and desolate (desolate) bleak, etc.

3. Expand the extension of the above summary, and analyze the author's thoughts and feelings.

[example analysis of formula application]

3¡¢ Emotion refining

This type of topic mainly requires the examinee to extract the author's thoughts, feelings, views and attitudes by understanding the content of the poem. A detailed analysis of the author's emotion is the key point of such questions.

[question setting method]

The common ways of asking questions are: "what kind of thoughts and feelings does this poem express?" and "what kind of sentiment does this poem express?".

[universal formula]

According to different topics, there are two different expressions:

The first kind: emotional refining = what emotion is expressed + content analysis (refining emotion first, then combining with fact analysis); second: emotional refining = describing what + expressing / expressing / revealing what (analyzing facts first, then refining emotion)

[Formula explanation]

1. The commonly used idioms to refine emotion: "the poem expresses the author's emotion..."¡° This poem expresses the author's ambition.

2. The method of analyzing the facts: grasp the key words and sentences in the poem and explain the reasons for supporting one's views.

In addition, candidates need to memorize some common poetic emotions

(1) be concerned about the country and the people;

(2) bid farewell;

(3) the depression of political frustration and the lack of talent;

(4) to express noble sentiment and pursue achievements;

(5) homesickness;

(6) broad-minded (optimistic) attitude towards life; 7) expressing personal feelings of sadness, loneliness, depression, sadness, tranquility and leisure

[example analysis of formula application]

4¡¢ Expression skills analysis class

If the first three types are to test the examinee's understanding of "what to write", then this type of question is to ask the examinee to analyze "how to write" poetry. It is important to understand the three levels of expression, expression and rhetoric.

[question setting method]

The common ways to ask questions are as follows:

1. The expression method is not specified. For example, "what kind of expression / technique / rhetoric is used in this poem", "how does the poet express his feelings".

2. Point out the technique of expression. For example, "please appreciate the poem from the perspective of the relationship between virtual reality and reality", "please appreciate the poem from the perspective of" scenery "and" emotion ".

[universal formula]

Expression skill analysis = speaking out the expression skill type + combining with content analysis and explanation + expression function

[Formula explanation]

First of all, it is necessary to clarify some common connotations of expression, expression and rhetoric

There are five ways of expression: narration, discussion, explanation, description and lyric.

Expression techniques: setting off (setting off), expressing one's feelings directly, expressing emotions by scenery (expressing feelings in the scene and blending feelings with scenery), expressing emotions by borrowing things (expressing aspirations or symbols based on things), expressing emotions through events, reasoning in scenery, borrowing the past to satirize the present, mutual generation of falsehood and reality, combination of movement and stillness, contrast, contrast, line drawing, allusion, etc.

Rhetorical methods: metaphor, analogy, pun, antithesis, exaggeration, metonymy, rhetorical question, thimble, etc. After understanding the background, we should pay attention to the following points when answering the questions:

1. Point out exactly what technique was used. If it is pointed out which or several techniques are used in the poem (such as "please appreciate the poem from the perspective of the relationship between the virtual and the real", this point can be omitted.

2. Combining with the specific content of the poem, the author explains how to use this method to write.

3. How to effectively convey the poet's feelings (sometimes omitted according to the specific requirements of the title).

[example analysis of formula application]

5¡¢ Language and character refining

This question is to examine the appreciation of the art of "refining words (CI)" in ancient poetry. Generally, it is required to find out the best word (word) in poetry and explain its beauty; Or directly ask for the beauty of a word; Or provide two words (words) to ask which is better. It mainly appreciates verbs and adjectives.

[question setting method]

There are two common ways to ask questions:

1. No appreciation words are specified. For example: "what is the most vivid and vivid word in this couplet? Why? "

2. Assign appreciation words. For example: ¡Á? The word has always been praised by people. What do you think is good about it¡° Please appreciate the poem ¡Á? The beauty of Chinese characters ¡Á ? Words and ¡Á? Which word is better? Why£¨ "Comparative appreciation type)"

[universal formula]

Language and character elaboration = meaning of words + expression techniques (such as metaphor, personification, imitation of objects) + expression function of words (words).

[Formula explanation]

Attention should be paid to the following points when answering questions:

1. Indicate which word is used well; The comparative appreciation type points out which word is better used£¨¡° This step can be omitted)

2. For words (words) that use metaphor, personification, and object imitation, it is necessary to point out which expression method is used, and then explain the meaning of the word (word) in the sentence, and put the word (word) into the original sentence, expand Association, and describe it.

3. Explain the special expressive function in the whole poem. Such as the word set off what kind of artistic conception, or expressed what kind of feelings.

[example analysis of formula application]

6¡¢ Language comprehension

[question setting method]

How to understand ¡Á¡Á verse?

2. The variant of question setting: (1) ¡Á¡Á What does a sentence mean? What kind of thoughts and feelings are expressed?

Answer tips: explain the meaning of the poem, point out its function, or express what feelings and ideas. A poem may be scenery, lyric, or human. The methods of describing people include action description, language description, psychological description, appearance description and detail description. To explain the meaning of a poem, we must connect the upper and lower sentences with the whole poem.

[universal formula]

Language understanding = elucidating meaning + expressing function + artistic effect

[Formula explanation]

1. To clarify the meaning of a language, sometimes it is necessary to explore its deep meaning

2. Analyze the expressive function of the poem in describing or expressing emotions or what feelings and purports are expressed.

3. Briefly explain the artistic effect.

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four Common ancient poetry

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