The steps of writing a lesson plan
Generally speaking, it should be elaborated from the following aspects:
Analysis of teaching materials
Teaching material is the basis of teaching evaluation and an important source of knowledge for students. ¢Ù In the content part of the textbook, the subject, number of copies, unit or chapter of the lecture are required to be explained; ¢Ú What is the teaching content? What knowledge points are included; ¢Û The position and function of the content of this course in the teaching material and the relationship between the former and the latter; ¢Ü What are the requirements for this part of the syllabus; ¢Ý The determination of teaching objectives is generally determined from the aspects of knowledge, intelligence and moral education; The determination of the key points, difficulties and key points of teaching is the decisive content in the teaching materials, and its determination should follow the outline, teaching content and teaching purpose. The difficulty of teaching is the difficulty of students' study, which is determined according to the characteristics of various disciplines and students' cognitive level.
Expound the teaching method
Under the premise of being familiar with the teaching materials, how to use the teaching materials to guide the students to study well is a teaching method problem. Good teaching is often twice the result with half the effort. When writing the lecture draft, we should briefly explain: 1) the overall structure and basis of teaching method; ¢Ú What teaching methods, teaching means and reasons are adopted; ¢Û Teaching aids and learning aids used. Teaching practice has proved that the combination of several teaching methods according to the characteristics of teaching materials can enhance the teaching effect.
Guidance learning method
Learning methods include "the choice of learning methods", "the guidance of learning methods", "the cultivation of good learning habits". In the course of drawing up, the following points should be highlighted: (1) the emphasis and basis of learning method guidance; ¢Ú The specific arrangement and implementation way of learning law guidance; ¢Û What learning methods should be taught to students, what abilities should be cultivated, and how to stimulate students' interest in learning and arouse their learning enthusiasm.
An overview of teaching procedures
This part of the content is actually the classroom teaching design, but it should be distinguished from the list of daily account terms. It should not only have specific steps, but also integrate the targeted theoretical basis.
It should be elaborated scientifically when drawing up the plan: 1) the preparation of preview before class; ¢Ú Complete teaching procedures (mainly: how to pave, how to import, how to carry out the new lesson, how to arrange the practice design, how to summarize, how to control the time, how to increase the density of the classroom and strengthen the cognitive effect through multimedia assisted teaching); ¢Û Brief description of operation arrangement and blackboard writing design; ¢Ü The organization and feedback measures of bilateral activities in the teaching process; ¢Ý The application of teaching methods and teaching techniques and the implementation of learning guidance; ¢Þ How to highlight the key points, break through the difficulties and realize the teaching objectives.
In writing, we should focus on the basic ideas and theoretical basis of each link arrangement, and make the first three aspects of the content implemented.
Analysis of teaching effect
To estimate the initiative, depth and breadth of students' participation in teaching activities, and to estimate the status of students' achievement of teaching objectives.
There are two forms of lesson telling before class and after class. No matter before class or after class, the above contents must be explained clearly. Before class, you should also say the doubtful points, explain the doubtful points that you can't be sure in the course of lesson preparation, and ask other teachers for advice. After class speaking should also include the teaching effect evaluation of "how well students learn".
It is not necessary to stick to the fixed and rigid mode when writing and explaining the lesson. In addition, in terms of language expression, we should not only discuss the problem clearly, but also avoid too long. We should avoid cliches and generalize. We should strive to be concise, accurate and targeted. To achieve these, it is not easy, but also requires serious study, in-depth study and hard work.